Ugo Tramballi

Cover story
Hard power in the 21st century

Fashions come and go in politics, too. After eight years of economic crises and attempts to dial down distant wars, a new cycle in which hard power reigns is now upon us. And the consequences are huge.

The Orientalist
The sick man amid the pyramids

Egypt is in trouble. With the country still reeling from revolution and counterrevolution, President Sisi tries to keep it together 
by reverting to pharaonic policies that could set it back years, if not centuries.

The Orientalist
The bull in the Levantine china shop

Turkey has gone from trying to have no problems on its borders to creating problems all around and well beyond. In a frenzy to solidify uncontested power, President Erdogan is resorting to any means he deems necessary.

The Orientalist
The battle for Mosul

While it seems as if the Middle East has been on fire for years, the battle for Mosul may well be the first decisive one in what promises to be a smaller version of the last century’s world wars.

Cover story
The empty revolutions

From Gibraltar to the Strait of Hormuz, the Arab world is in the throes of chaos. Where once external forces were to blame, today the absence of external pressure has led to a fracturing among and within regional powers.

The Orientalist
Talks in a wasteland called peace

Russia is now the main player in the Syrian peace talks. In an attempt to return to the world stage, Moscow has thrust itself into a position that proved very difficult for its predecessors in the region.

The Orientalist
The Middle East strawman

We need to deconstruct the Islamic State. While feared as terrorist organization, it is exaggerated as a geopolitical threat. More than anything, it is a symptom of a deeper power struggle in the region.

Inheriting the Middle Eastern quandary

The election of Donald Trump won’t suddenly straighten out the Middle East. If he keeps his promise to maintain American withdrawal from the fray, other powers will step in to fill the vacuum.

The Orientalist
What's next in the hornet's nest

The new president of the United States will face a volatile and dangerous world. And nowhere does the chaos reach its maximum expression as it does in the Middle East.

The Orientalist
Damned if you do, damned if you don’t

Moscow has elbowed in on Washington’s monopoly of influence in the Middle East. But the truth is that neither can achieve what it was able to in the past. Now the local governments are the protagonists.

The Orientalist
In the eye of a storm

Israel is surrounded by strife on all sides. And yet, its security situation has rarely been so good. Nevertheless, the relative calm has revealed some significant fissures within Israeli society.

The Orientalist
The post-Ottoman syndrome

The Sykes-Picot agreement has developed a reputation as the root cause of all the Middle East’s problems. But the only ones who want to get rid of those borders are forces intent on fomenting chaos.

The Orientalist
As the sands lose their slick

With the flow of petrodollars slowing down, prudence seems to be the order of the day for the Arabian Peninsula. But the new Salman Doctrine is ambitious enough to raise concerns. 

The Orientalist
Catching the world off-balance

Russian moves in Syria have displayed a quickness that has everyone involved wondering what’s behind them and what the end game might be. 

The Orientalist
Middle East doctrine killers

If there is indeed such a thing as the Obama Doctrine, then the Middle East has shown how it entails strategic restraint bordering on cynical passivity, which some argue leads inevitably to the neutering of American power.

The Orientalist
Russian supply meets political demand

The vacuum left by American leadership is being filled by Putin, and all those weary of the stalemate in Syria are content. But the Middle East has historically been a spider web for foreign powers.

The Orientalist
The Arab Spring: five years on

Five years ago the Arab world blew up, and the flames are still raging. What at first had been euphoria quickly turned to chaos.
What cannot be denied, though, is that the uprisings were the spark of an epochal change. 

The Orientalist
No easy fix for Libya

With much of the country split between two parliaments, and the rest contested by militias and extremists, there is no easy solution for Libya’s ills. Lack of commitment on the West’s part doesn’t help either.